How the Processor Operates

The computer processor fetches, decodes, and executes program instructions. A computer program consists of a series of steps called instructions which tell the computer what to do. Each instruction can be a basic arithmetic calculation or a logic operation. Before the program can be executed it is loaded into the main storage (memory). It is

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The Processor of A Computer

The CPU is also one of the most expensive components on the motherboard. It is a very delicate device and sensitive to ESD, thus it should be handled with care. The processor itself is a flat plate of silicon made up of millions of transistors etched on to the silicon plate to form a huge

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Central Processing Unit (CPU)

Also known as the microprocessor or the processor, the CPU is the computer’s brain. It is responsible for fetching, decoding, and executing program instructions as well as performing mathematical and logical calculations. The processor chip is identified by the processor type and the manufacturer. This information is usually inscribed on the chip itself. For example,

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The CPU clock Synchronizes

The CPU clock synchronizes the operation of all parts of the PC and provides the basic timing signal for the CPU. Using a quartz crystal, the CPU clock breathes life into the microprocessor by feeding it a constant flow of pulses. For example, a 200 MHz CPU receives 200 million pulses per second from the

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Expansion Bus Of a Computer

An expansion bus is an input/output pathway from the CPU to peripheral devices and it is typically made up of a series of slots on the motherboard. Expansion boards (cards) plug into the bus. PCI is the most common expansion bus in a PC and other hardware platforms. Buses carry signals such as data, memory

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Basic Input Output System Of a Computer

BIOS stands for Basic Input/Output System. BIOS is a “read only” memory, which consists of low-level software that controls the system hardware and acts as an interface between the operating system and the hardware. Most people know the term BIOS by another name—device drivers, or just drivers. BIOS is essentially the link between the computer

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What is Cache Memory

Cache memory is a small block of high-speed memory (RAM) that enhances PC performance by pre-loading information from the (relatively slow) main memory and passing it to the processor on demand. Most CPUs have an internal cache memory (built into the processor) which is referred to as Level 1 or primary cache memory. This can

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